• Assessment
  • Implementation
  • Monitoring & Evaluation
  • Biochemical


A biomarker of micronutrient status is a measure or indicator of exposure, status, or function; more specifically, a biomarker is defined as a measure or indicator present in body fluids or tissue.


Hess, S. Y., A. C. McLain, E. A. Frongillo, A. Afshin, N. J. Kassebaum, S. J. M. Osendarp, R. Atkin, R. Rawat and K. H. Brown (2021). “Challenges for Estimating the Global Prevalence of Micronutrient Deficiencies and Related Disease Burden: A Case Study of the Global Burden of Disease Study.” Current Developments in Nutrition 5(12).