• Assessment
  • Implementation
  • Monitoring & Evaluation
  • Diet
  • Dietary Diversification


A state of inadequate intake, absorption and metabolic availability of nutrients required to support basic physiological process required for health and development. Deficiencies can be caused by insufficient amounts of a micronutrient in the diet or by disease, infection, or other factors that affect nutrient absorption, retention, or utilization, or loss.


USAID (2022). Large-Scale Food Fortification Programming Guide.