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217 Term(s) Found

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  • Implementation
  • Fortification
Any audio or visual publicity, representation or pronouncement made by means of any light, sound, smoke, gas, print, electronic media, internet or website and includes through any notice, circular, label, wrapper, or other documents

Reference(s)

Food Safety and Standards (Advertising and Claims) Regulations (2018)

Allergen

  • Assessment
  • Monitoring & Evaluation
  • Diet
  • Fortification
A known component of food which causes physiological reactions due to an immunological response (e.g. nuts and others identified in regulation relevant to the country of production or sale).

Reference(s)

Modified from: British Retail Consortium (BRC) Food Safety: Food Safety Glossary of Terms

Apparent intake.

  • Assessment
  • Implementation
  • Monitoring & Evaluation
  • All micronutrient interventions
  • Demand-side
  • Diet
The approximated amount of a food (and its nutrients) that a consumer may ingest. It is calculated through indirect means such as national balance sheets, household economic surveys, and similar methods that do not collect food intake information directly from individuals but through secondary analysis of reports of food availability, access, and acquisition. The results can be expressed as per capita or, if assuming intake proportional to energy requirement, per adult male equivalent

Reference(s)

WHO (2021). "Monitoring flour fortification to maximize health benefits: a manual for millers, regulators, and programme managers."

Assessor (for Accreditation Bodies)

  • Monitoring & Evaluation
  • Supply-side
The person assigned by an Accreditation Body to perform an assessment of a Certification Body.

Reference(s)

British Retail Consortium (BRC) Food Safety: Food Safety Glossary of Terms

Audit

  • Monitoring & Evaluation
  • Supply-side
The systematic, independent, and documented examination (through observation, investigation, records review, discussions with employees of the audited entity, and, as appropriate, sampling and laboratory analysis) to assess a supplier’s food safety processes and procedures.

Reference(s)

EAS consulting group: Glossary of Terms FDA Preventive Controls for Human Food Terms

Audit (technical audit)

  • Assessment
  • Implementation
  • Monitoring & Evaluation
  • Demand-side
Review of written quality assurance and quality control procedures and records at food processors. The audit also includes observation of the fortification process. It is one component of external monitoring.

Reference(s)

USAID (2022). Large-Scale Food Fortification Programming Guide.

Average intake (AI)/ Mean intake

  • Assessment
  • Implementation
  • Planning
  • All micronutrient interventions
  • Diet
Average intake of a particular nutrient or food for a group or population of individuals. Also defined as the average intake of a nutrient or food over two or more days for an individual.

Reference(s)

Institute of Medicine (2000). Dietary Reference Intakes: Applications in Dietary Assessment, The National Academies Press.

Average requirement (AR)/ Mean requirement

  • Assessment
  • Implementation
  • Planning
  • All micronutrient interventions
  • Diet
The level of a nutrient in the diet that meets the daily needs of half the people in a typical healthy population. The appropriate use for average requirement (AR) is to estimate the prevalence of inadequacy for groups and probability of inadequacy for individuals. AR is same conecpt as estimated average requirement (EAR) whereas EAR is set by the National Academies of Science, Engineering, and Medicine (NASEM) formerly known as Institute of Medicine (IOM) (for the United States and Canada), and AR is set by EFSA (for Europe).

Reference(s)

Allen, L. H., A. L. Carriquiry and S. P. Murphy (2020). "Perspective: proposed harmonized nutrient reference values for populations." Advances in Nutrition 11(3): 469-483.
European Food Safety Authority https://www.efsa.europa.eu/en/topics/topic/dietary-reference-values [Accessed June 12, 2023].

Baby food

  • Assessment
  • Implementation
  • Planning
  • Diet
  • Dietary Diversification
  • Fortification
Food intended to fulfill the particular requirements of infants in good health while they are being weaned, and of young children in good health as a supplement to their diet and/or for their progressive adaptation to ordinary food, excluding processed cereal-based food; and milk-based drinks and similar products intended for young children.

Reference(s)

The Regulation (EU) No 609/2013 of the European Parliament and the Council.

Balanced diet

  • Assessment
  • Implementation
  • Diet
  • Dietary Diversification
A diet containing all essential (macro and micro) nutrients in optimum quantities and in appropriate proportions that meet the requirements

Reference(s)

Food Safety and Standards (Advertising and Claims) Regulations (2018)